The planet Venus is nearest neighbor of Earth. It took the title from the Greek God called Venus and was also called Evening Star. The planet Venus can be seen after sunset and before sunrise. It is the only planet that orbits .
Venus is named Shukra in the early Hindu astrology. It had been observed by the Babylonians in the ancient 1600BC and was called planet Ishtar, the goddess of love and womanhood.
Venus was known as the wandering star long before the invention of telescope. Phythagoras was the first to discover in the 6th century that the planet was one. He thought that Venus orbited around Earth. Galileo noticed in 17th century that Venus had traits such as the moon.
A Russian genius named Mikhail Lomonosov had discovered the atmosphere of Venus in 1761. Chester Smith Lyman was the first to discover the ring around dark side of Earth. The atmosphere of Venus is quite dense which causes difficulty for scientists who wanted to understand its rotation period.
Venus has some traits which are similar with Earth. Venus contains silicon rocks present on its surface just like Earth. The size and make up is similar to Earth. Moreover, Venus and Earth has the same core that is composed of compact iron residue and the middle of Venus is quite similar to that of Earth. However, its atmosphere is very dense for hosting life. Venus is full of sulfuric acid clouds and the acute heat dries up all bodies of water. Its surface is a lot hotter than Mercury’s. Majority of Venus surface features are inspired from women.
There have been a variety of space probe missions to Venus. The first one was that the Russian Venera 1. The first successful spacecraft that came near Venus was America’s Mariner 2 in 1962. There have been over 20 spacecraft visits to Venus.